Beech/Podocarp Forest (Diurnal)

A Terrestrial Biodiversity Hotspot

South Island kaka

Target threatened species: Endemic forest birds; South Island kaka, yellowhead / mohua

ABT’s forest bird monitoring programme for indigenous avifauna includes kaka, yellow-crowned kakariki, riffleman / tītipounamu , tomtit / miromiro, fantail / piwakawaka and other more frequently encountered species to help inform and guide existing and future invasive mammalian predator control efforts in collaboration with Forest and Bird. Methods include surveyor point counts,  mist netting and the use of acoustic recorders. Engagement with the local school is integral to this process and began following a presentation delivery and short exercise on Makarora’s important biodiversity.

SI tomtit
South Island tomtit (male)

The local branch of Forest and Bird (Central Otago) historically established an initial predator control trapping programme for Mohua within the Makarora Valley. The success of the trapping programme is measured to some extent by annual mohua population surveys sponsored by the Department of Conservation. This excludes the Shrimpton/Charteris beech/ podocarp forest compartment which is the current focus of ABT’s forest bird monitoring programme.

ABT have since installed a trapping programme (working in collaboration with Gary Charteris) for rats, mustelids and possum within the Charteris  forest compartment, complementing and connecting other invasive predator control efforts in the valley.

makarora forest mistletoe
New Zealand scarlet mistletoe (Peraxilla colensoi) flowering in Makarora forest habitat. Often a food resource for the endangered South Island kaka.

The stunning scarlet mistletoe (above) can be seen in its full glory during December. A species particuarly enjoyed by foraging forest birds such as kaka, and the yellow-crowed karkiriki (below).

A juvenile South Island tom tit (Dec 2018).
Adult yellow-crowned karkiriki showing the red frontal band in front of the yellow crown (Sept 2019) Nick Beckwith, Shrimpton track.
forest bird banding
Introduction to forest bird banding with Makarora School students and a parent.

The forest site has become an interest in terms of science and research for a number of organisations and educational learning oportunites.

The endemic brown creeper pīpipi in full song, a gregarious bird of the forest.